The EU-ETS is the European greenhouse gas emissions trading
scheme. The basic goal of the system is to limit greenhouse gas emissions and gradually reduce such emissions in a cost-effective manner.
Compared to 2018, CO2
emissions from HEP's thermal power plants, thermal power plants-heating plants increased in line with the increase in electricity and heat production. The increase in CO2
emissions from bioenergy was due to the application of the emission calculation methodology based on the fuel consumption balance and periodic emission measurements that are prescribed for medium combustion plants. CO2
emissions from city heating boilers have been reduced compared to 2018.
Reports on greenhouse gas emissions for 2019 have been prepared for all HEP plants that are in the European Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS), namely HEP Proizvodnja thermal power plants thermal power plants and the HEP Toplinarstvo Osijek plant, were verified by authorized verifiers and submitted to the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Energy (today: Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development
.). During 2019 the only HEP Toplinarstvo plant in the EU-ETS, the Osijek plant, did not work, so the authorized verifier confirmed that there were no CO2
In accordance with legal regulations, emission units were transferred to HEP's accounts opened in the European Union Register during April 2020 for 2019, whereby HEP, as every year since the start of trading in 2013, fulfilled its obligation in a timely manner.
Total annual emissions of GHG CO2 from HEP's sources
* CO2 emissions from bioenergy plants are not in the emissions trading system
|Thermal power plants and combined heat and power plants/tCO2
|Bioenergy plants on wood biomass* /tCO2
|Boilers for heating cities /tCO2
Free emission allowances allocated to HEP's facilities in the EU-ETS
Based on the submitted Requests for the allocation of free CO2 emission units for the production of thermal energy by the ministry, in 2019 HEP was allocated 189,052 free emission units.
Intensity of CO2 emissions
Intensity of greenhouse gas emissions CO2 for generated electricity
During 2019, 2,196,633 t CO2 were released from HEP's thermal power plants, thermal power plants for heat production and bioenergy plants in the electricity production process. The intensity of CO2 emissions for produced electricity from HEP's thermal and thermal power plants and bioenergy for 2019 was 589 g CO2/kWh, while intensity of CO2 emissions for the production of total available electricity of the HEP Group (TPP, TPP-HP, BPP-HP, HPP, 50% NPPK, purchase from RES and import) was 131 g CO2 / kWh.
Intensity of greenhouse gas emissions CO2 for generated electricity and heat
During 2019, 2,674,236 tons of CO2 were emitted from all HEP sources for the generation of electricity and heat (thermal power plants. thermal power plants for heat production, bioenergy plants and boiler rooms for urban heating). The emission intensity was 199 g CO2/kWh. The intensity of CO2 emissions for the production of total available electricity and heat of the HEP Group (TPP, TPP-HP, BPP-HP, HPP, 50% NPPK, purchase from RES, imports and boiler rooms for city heating) for 2019 was 130 g CO2 / kWh.
Trading greenhouse gas emission allowances (EU-ETS)
The basic objective of setting up the EU-ETS is to limit greenhouse gas emissions and reduce them gradually in a cost-effective manner. The third period of the EU-ETS began in 2013 and will last until the end of 2020. Trading entities may purchase emission allowances at government auctions, stock exchanges and through bilateral agreements with partners. All HEP’s thermal power plants and combined heat and power plants operated by HEP-Proizvodnja d.o.o. (HEP-Generation) and HEP-Toplinarstvo d.o.o. – Plant Osijek (HEP-District Heating – Pogon Osijek), are obligated to trade in greenhouse gas emission allowances.
The methodology and emission factors defined in the approved GHG emission monitoring plans of the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Developmentare used in the calculation of CO 2 emissions from thermal power plants within HEP-Proizvodnja, while those prescribed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for plants within HEP-Toplinarstvo.
HEP’s sources participating in the EU greenhouse gas emission trading scheme (EU-ETS) submit an Emission Report and a Verification Report to the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development by March 1st of the current year for the previous year. The verification of GHG emissions is performed by an independent accredited verifier.